Why use Docker?
At my last job, I developed on Windows and deployed on Linux. There were multiple production VMs running different operating systems with different versions. This made deployment annoying and tedious as certain apps would work on some machines but not others. Additionally, there was a large application that would not install on fresh machines.
Docker fixes a lot of these issues. To deploy a dockerized application, just copy it to the machine and run something like
docker-compose up. Easy!
Just write a Dockerfile ;-)
But really, the way I started was by copying and pasting an example Dockerfile given in Docker’s tutorial.
Here is the modified example:
# Use an official Python runtime as a parent image. # I've had problems with Alpine (failing to build node-canvas # because of musl), but Debian hasn't failed me yet. FROM python:3.6.8-jessie # Set the working directory to /app WORKDIR /app # Copy the current directory contents into the container at /app COPY . /app # Install any needed packages specified in requirements.txt RUN pip install --trusted-host pypi.python.org -r requirements.txt # Run main.py when the container launches CMD ["python", "main.py"]
This Dockerfile can be built into an image with:
docker build -t names-are-hard .
Docker will create an image with the creative tag “names-are-hard”. Of course, for the build to work you will need a couple other files. For a full, working example checkout this repo.
To run the image:
docker run names-are-hard
For your first attempt at writing a Dockerfile, trial and error is fine. However, the cycle (make a change, rebuild, run…) can be tedious. If you’re not sure about what commands Docker should run, use
-it to run an interactive session.
docker run -it names-are-hard bash
This command runs the image, but instead of executing
main.py you will be dropped into a bash prompt inside the container. This is very useful for testing commands before committing them to a Dockerfile. For instance, if you forgot the
pip install line in the Dockerfile then this mistake will be very obvious when you try to run
main.py from the bash prompt.
This also works with base images–very handy if you want to quickly try something on a specific OS.
docker run -it ubuntu /bin/bash
npm i and often a development server can be started with
npm run dev. Different projects can use different tools but a small set of
npm run commands is usually sufficient. This is in contrast to Python projects I’ve worked with where starting a development server requires reading the docs.
docker-compose up reminds me of
npm run dev, it can be used as a universal command for starting a Dockerized application. Also faster to type (vs building then running the image).
docker-compose up working add a basic
version: "3" services: scraper: build: .